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United States of America (USA)

If you’re travelling to the United States of America (USA), our travel advice and updates give you practical tips and useful information.

Security Status

  • Normal precautions
  • High degree of caution
  • Avoid non-essential travel
  • Do not travel
  • Overview
  • Safety and Security
  • Local Laws and Customs
  • Additional Information
  • Embassy Contact

Overview

General COVID-19 Travel Advisory in Operation

Ireland is implementing the new EU ‘traffic lights’ approach to travel, which applies to countries in the EU / EEA. Our current advice for travel to these countries is ‘exercise a high degree of caution’. Our general advice for any other overseas travel remains ‘avoid non-essential travel’ or in some cases, ‘do not travel’.

Our TravelWise app has been suspended while we move to implement the new EU system. We apologise for this inconvenience. Updated information will continue to be provided on this website.

On 13 October, Member States adopted the EU Recommendation on a coordinated approach to travel restrictions in the context of COVID-19. This ‘traffic lights’ approach provides for regions across the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) to be categorised as green, orange, red or grey, on the basis of the risk levels associated with COVID-19. A combined indicator map will be published each week by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), based on agreed criteria, including the 14-day cumulative incidence rate, testing rate and testing positivity rates.

In line with the EU Recommendation, there will be no entry restrictions on passengers travelling from green regions. Each Member State will decide what entry restrictions it will apply to passengers travelling from red, orange and grey regions.

Information about what to do on entering Ireland from abroad:

All passengers arriving into Ireland from overseas are obliged to complete a COVID-19 Passenger Locator Form before entry. For further details please see the Irish Government Advice Page. Further information about current requirements for entry to Ireland is available on the Irish Government website and the HSE website.

In accordance with Government policy, which is based on official public health advice, the Department of Foreign Affairs continues to advise against non-essential travel overseas, other than to countries that are part of the EU ‘traffic lights’ approach, where the advice is to exercise a high degree of caution. Everyone is asked to comply with restrictions within Ireland, including those under the National Framework for Living with COVID-19. These are listed on the Official website of the Irish Government. The situation in relation to COVID-19 continues to evolve quickly around the world. Citizens who are considering any overseas travel are advised to carefully monitor the official advice and information from the public authorities in their destination.

If you are considering travelling outside of Ireland:

Should you decide that you need to travel, you should inform yourself about any requirements in the destination to which you are travelling. Information about entry restrictions currently applied by other countries is available on the country-specific travel advice pages. Additional restrictions may be imposed, including during the duration of your visit. Flight restrictions and route cancellations continue to occur worldwide and there is no guarantee that air routes will operate as scheduled. It is important to check with your insurance provider on coverage at this time. Any Irish citizen considering any overseas travel should monitor news and information from the public authorities in their country or region of destination. Citizens are advised to follow the public health guidelines of the local health authorities and to continue to practice physical distancing measures, hand hygiene and respiratory etiquette etc.

The purpose of the Department’s Travel Advice is to provide information to the general public so that individuals can make informed decisions for themselves. There are significant risks associated with international travel in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, and this is likely to remain the case for the foreseeable future. Citizens should be aware of the possible limitations to any consular assistance that could be provided. Any citizens who are considering travel abroad, or those already abroad, are advised to monitor our travel advice, and follow us on Twitter. They are also advised to register with their local Irish Embassy or Consulate and regularly check their website and Twitter accounts for details of any local public health measures and travel restrictions.

Where to go for further travel information:

Overview

Security status

Security Status Last Updated: 17 March 2020

In line with a Government of Ireland announcement on 16 March 2020 we advise against all non-essential travel to the USA in response to the outbreak of COVID-19. We are also urging all Irish visitors to the USA, including those on short-term visas (eg. J1) who risk losing employment, financial security and access to healthcare to return to Ireland from the USA, as soon as possible. Direct flights continue to operate from Chicago, New York (JFK) and Boston, but options are narrowing.

There is an increased threat of terrorism and extremist violence worldwide and this should be borne in mind by Irish citizens living and working in the USA. The USA has also witnessed a number of mass shootings in recent years.

Latest Travel Alert

Protests, in some cases violent, have taken place in major cities across the United States in recent weeks. Curfews have been enforced in many cities as a result. There is potential for further protests and curfews.  Irish citizens are advised to avoid large gatherings of people, and to follow the advice of the local authorities.

Novel Coronavirus

In line with a Government of Ireland announcement on 16 March 2020 we advise against all non-essential travel to the USA in response to the outbreak of COVID-19. We are also urging all Irish visitors to the USA, including those on short-term visas (eg. J1) who risk losing employment, financial security and access to healthcare to return to Ireland from the USA, as soon as possible. Direct flights continue to operate from Chicago, New York (JFK) and Boston, but options are narrowing.

As a result of the COVID- 19 outbreak the US has implemented special entry restrictions for their territory.

Entry into the US is restricted for those travelling from Ireland, the UK, Schengen Area countries, Brazil, China and Iran.

Non US nationals including Irish nationals who have visited, or are resident in the countries  listed above Ireland or the UK for 14 days or less prior to their travel to the USA will be denied entry, unless they are legal permanent residents of the US, or the spouse or child of a US national. This extends the coverage of the restrictions the US Government introduced on Friday 13 March restricting the entry to the USA of non-US nationals and permanent residents who had visited or resided in Schengen Area countries over the same period. The US Government has indicated that this is a temporary restriction that will last for 30 days.

Non-US nationals with legal permanent residence in the US (e.g. Green Card holders) and their immediate family, as well as immediate family (spouse and children) of US nationals are not restricted from entering the US. However, if travelling from a restricted country they will now be required to enter the country through one of thirteen designated airports and will undergo additional screening on arrival. Further information can be found here. The US Center for Disease Control have also recommended staying home for 14 days from the time of arrival after international travel. Further information can be found here.

The US Government will not permit entry to the USA of any foreign nationals who have visited China or Iran 14 days or less prior to their travel to the USA. 

There are currently no restrictions on flights from the USA to Ireland or the UK. You should check with your airline for any additional information they may require before you can board.

There are a number of restrictive measures in place at the state of city level. If you are an Irish citizen planning to travel to, or resident in, the US we ask that you refer to the nearest Irish consulate and the local health authority for the most up to date advice.

A number of cases of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) have been confirmed in the USA.

See links below for details.

US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention

World Health Organisation

If you are in America, you should monitor developments regularly and follow the advice of local authorities. 

Be alert to common signs of infection: respiratory problems, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. Seek medical advice if you experience these symptoms.

HSE medical advice to protect yourself from getting COVID-19 is below.

Do:

• wash your hands properly and regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub
• cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve when you cough and sneeze
• put used tissues into a bin and wash your hands

Don’t:

• touch your eyes, nose or mouth if your hands are not clean

Additional information on COVID-19 can be found via the following links:

HSE

HPSC

ECDC

World Health Organisation

As a result of this outbreak some governments have implemented special entry restrictions for their territory. The US Government will not permit entry to the USA of any foreign nationals who have visited China or Iran 14 days or less prior to their travel to the USA.

Please refer to Centre for Disease Control (CDC) website for further updates on travel restrictions to the US.

Atlantic Hurricane Season

The Atlantic hurricane season generally runs from June to November, presenting regular significant risks in coastal zones.

Visa Waiver Programme

Note: With effect from 21 January 2016, the US authorities implemented changes to the Visa Waiver Programme affecting travellers who are Dual Nationals of Iran, Iraq, Sudan, Libya, Somalia, Yemen or any country that the US designates as a State sponsor of terrorism, and persons who have visited any of those countries since 1 March 2011.

The US has introduced new measures for certain travellers with effect from 27th January 2017. On 31 January 2017, the US Embassy in Dublin clarified that the travel of dual nationals from Iraq, Iran, Syria, Sudan, Yemen, Libya or Somalia would not be restricted, so long as the individuals hold the passport of an unrestricted country and possess a valid US visa. Prospective travellers who feel they may be affected should consult the U.S. Department of Homeland Security or the U.S. Embassy website for up to date information.

Update: For the next 90 days, foreign nationals from Sudan, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen who are outside the United States on the effective date of the order, do not currently have a valid visa on the effective date of this order, and did not have a valid visa at 5:00 eastern standard time on January 27, 2017, are not eligible to travel to the United States.

Emergency Assistance 

The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, start by talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.  

Our tips for safe travels

  • Purchase comprehensive travel insurance which covers all your intended activities
  • Add an alert for your destination within the Travelwise App.
  • Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly in an emergency, such as a natural disaster or a family emergency
  • Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates 
  • Read our Topical ‘Know Before You Go’ guide

Safety and Security

Safety and security

Security checks

The Customs and Border Protection Agency has warned of possible increased waiting times at international airports, especially during the summer peak season, due to budget cuts. These may be up to four hours at the busiest airports. Increased processing times may make it more difficult to make tight connecting flights. These delays should have less impact on Irish passengers who undergo US border preclearance at Dublin or Shannon.

Terrorism

Since the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, the US government has issued a number of warnings of potential further terrorist attacks in the country. The US domestic threat level stands at ‘elevated’ (yellow) and the government is maintaining heightened security, especially at airports. You should expect stringent security checks at airports, transport stations and other public buildings.

Crime

Crime remains relatively low in the US but you should take sensible precautions.

  • Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place
  • Limit the amount of cash you carry by using travellers’ cheques, Euro cheques or international credit cards
  • Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home
  • Avoid showing large sums of money in public and don’t use ATMs after dark, especially if you are alone. Check no one has followed you after conducting your business
  • Keep a close eye on your personal belongings and hold on to them in public places such as internet cafes, train and bus stations
  • Avoid dark and unlit streets and stairways, arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible
  • Keep a lookout for people acting suspiciously or unattended packages in public places

 
Reporting a crime

If you’re a victim of a crime while in the US, report it to the local police immediately. And you can contact us at the Irish Embassy in Washington DC and the Irish Consulates in Austin, Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, New York and San Francisco.

Driving

If you’re planning to drive in the US, be aware that cars drive on the right side of the road but otherwise road safety conditions are fairly similar to Ireland.

If you want to drive:

  • Bring your full Irish driving licence and make sure you have adequate and appropriate insurance
  • Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is against the law and you risk being detained, fined or banned from driving if caught
  • Keep your vehicle doors locked and your bags and items of value kept out of sight to prevent opportunistic bag-snatching if you’re stopped at traffic lights, or if you are away from your car and have parked it in a public place. 

Hiring a vehicle

If you’re hiring a vehicle, we advise you not to hand over your passport as a form of security. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times.

Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged).

Local Laws and Customs

Local laws and customs

Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.

When you’re in the US, all federal, state and local laws apply to you. Laws vary from state to state but when you’re physically present in a state, even temporarily, you’re subject to that state’s laws, and, in many cases, to the jurisdiction of its courts.

If you get into any difficulties with US Authorities, you should explain to them that you are an Irish national and ask to speak to an Irish consular officer. We will do what we can to help you but we cannot get you out of trouble or out of jail. 

Illegal drugs

Illegal drug use (no matter what the drug) carries stiff penalties, including fines and long prison terms. 

Immigration documents

US Federal Law requires all foreign nationals to carry immigration documentation (such as your passport showing that you have permission to enter or remain) at all times while in the USA.

Some States (Arizona, Utah, Indiana, South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama) introduced legislation designed to identify and reduce the number of illegal immigrants in their states. These measures include authorisation for police officers to detain people they suspect of being in the US illegally. Although some of the measures are being contested in the courts, it is important that you have your documents available for scrutiny if you’re asked by law enforcement officials to present them wherever you are in the United States.

Additional Information

Additional information

Entry requirements (visa/passport)

The US has introduced new measures for certain travellers with effect from 27th January 2017. On 31 January 2017, the US Embassy in Dublin clarified that the travel of dual nationals from Iraq, Iran, Syria, Sudan, Yemen, Libya or Somalia would not be restricted, so long as the individuals hold the passport of an unrestricted country and possess a valid US visa. Clarifications as to how these new arrangements will operate continue to be announced by the US authorities. Prospective travellers who feel they may be affected should consult the U.S. Department of Homeland Security or the U.S. Embassy website for up to date information.

Electronic System for Travel Authorization

The ESTA is an electronic registration system requiring travellers who are part of the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) to register in advance of travelling to the US.

Note: With effect from 21 January 2016, the US authorities have implemented changes to the Visa Waiver Program which will affect travellers who are Dual Nationals of Iran, Iraq, Sudan, Syria, Libya, Somalia, Yemen or any country that the US designates as a State sponsor of terrorism, and persons who have visited any of those countries since 1 March 2011. For further information on these changes to the VWP, you should consult the website of US Homeland Security or the US Embassy website.

Registration

You should register through the Department of Homeland Security website, where you will have to pay a fee (currently $14).  

Registration can be done by third parties on your behalf, such as travel agencies, and multiple applications can be completed and paid for in one transaction.

Validity

You can submit an ESTA application at any time prior to travel – the Department of Homeland Security recommends that it be submitted at least 72 hours in advance of travel. Once approved, it will be valid for multiple entries into the US and generally for up to two years or until your passport expires, whichever comes first.

Additional information

  • If you don’t get authorisation to travel you’ll need to go to your nearest US Diplomatic or Consular Mission and apply for a visa.
  • An ESTA approval does not determine admissibility into the US. The final decision for entry to the US rests with immigration authorities at the port of entry.
  • The ESTA programme does not apply if you have a visa for the US.
  • Children, including infants, who are endorsed on a parent's passport must have an individual machine-readable passport or else obtain a visa in the parent's passport.

Passport information

Machine-readable passports

You must have an individual machine-readable passport to avail of the US Visa Waiver Programme. Otherwise you will have to get a visa, in advance, from your nearest US Diplomatic or Consular Mission.

A machine-readable passport is a passport in which your details have been printed on the data page which also contains your photograph. A passport where your details have been handwritten is not a machine-readable passport.

Passport validity

In most cases, to enter the US, you must have a passport that is valid for at least six months after the date you enter. However, Ireland has an agreement with the US that allows you to enter on a current passport up to the actual date of expiration – so your Irish passport needs to be valid only for the duration of your stay in the US.

However, if you’re travelling visa-free on the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) and your passport is valid for less than 90 days, you will be admitted only until the date on which the passport expires. If the passport is not valid for the duration of your stay, you must apply for a new passport from your nearest Irish Embassy or Consulate while in the US.

Further details on entry requirements are available on the US Embassy website and you can find information on J1 visas in our Visa section.

US Embassy website and you can find information on J1 visas in our Visa section.

Children - Child travelling with one parent or someone who is not a parent or legal guardian or a group

Due to increasing incidents of child abductions in disputed custody cases and as possible victims of child pornography, the US authorities (CBP) strongly recommends that unless a child travelling to the US is accompanied by both parents, the adult have a note from the child's other parent (or, in the case of a child travelling with relatives other than parents, friends, or in groups such as school groups, a note signed by both parents) stating "I acknowledge that my wife/husband/etc. is travelling out of the country with my son/daughter/group. He/She/They has/have my permission to do so.” CBP also suggests that this note be notarised.

While CBP may not ask to see this documentation, if it does ask, and you do not have it, you may be detained until the circumstances of the child travelling without both parents can be fully assessed. If there is no second parent with legal claims to the child (deceased, sole custody, etc.) any other relevant paperwork, such as a court decision, birth certificate naming only one parent, death certificate, etc., would be useful. For further information, please visit the CBP website.

Health

Check with your doctor well in advance of travelling to see if you need any vaccinations for this country.

We also advise any Irish citizens visiting or living in the US to follow the advice of the US Centre for Disease Control

 

Embassy contact

Embassy Contact

If you are in need of emergency assistance, please contact the Embassy at + 1-202-462-3939 and leave a message on the answering machine.

The answering machine is monitored regularly and the Duty Officer will contact you as soon as possible.

Alternatively, you may contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin at + 353-1-408 2000.

Embassy of Ireland
2234 Massachusetts Ave NW
Washington DC 20008
USA

Tel: +1 202 462 3939
Fax: +1 202 232 5993

Monday to Friday 09:00-13:00 and 14:00-16:00

Contact us

Consulate Contact

If you are an Irish citizen and in urgent need of emergency assistance, please contact the Consulate at +1-404-554-4980 and leave a message on the answering machine. The answering machine is monitored regularly and the Duty Officer will contact you as soon as possible in cases where it is a genuine emergency.

Alternatively, you may contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin at + 353-1-408 2000.

Consulate General of Ireland
Suite 260, Monarch Plaza
3414 Peachtree Road
Atlanta, GA 30326
USA

Tel: +1 404 554 4980
Fax: +1 678 235 2201

Contact us

Consulate Contact

If you are an Irish citizen and in urgent need of emergency assistance, please contact the Consulate at +1-512-792-5500 and leave a message on the answering machine. The answering machine is monitored regularly and the Duty Officer will contact you as soon as possible in cases where it is a genuine emergency.

Alternatively, you may contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin at +353-1-408 2000.

Consulate General of Ireland
515 Congress Avenue - Suite 1720
Austin, Texas 78701
USA

Tel: 512 792 5500

Monday to Friday 09:00-17:00

Contact us

Consulate Contact

The Consulate is closed on Saturdays and Sundays. However, there is always an officer on duty to handle genuine emergencies from Irish citizens.

Please call 617-267-9330 for emergency assistance on the weekends. You may leave a message and someone will respond as quickly as possible.

Consulate General of Ireland
535 Boylston Street
Floor 5
Boston, MA 02116
USA

Tel: +1 617 267 9330
Fax: +1 617 267 6375

Monday to Friday 10:00-15:00

Contact us

Consulate Contact

If you are in need of emergency assistance over the weekend, please contact the Consulate at + 1-312-330-7823 and leave a voicemail. The voicemail is monitored regularly and the Duty Officer will contact you as soon as possible. Please note that this is an emergency number and that only cases that are genuine emergencies and that cannot wait until the next working day will be dealt with.

Alternatively, you may contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin at + 353-1-408 2000.

Consulate General of Ireland
1 East Wacker Drive
Suite 1820
Chicago, IL 60601
USA

Tel: +1 312 337 2700
Fax: +1 312 836 1267

Monday to Friday 10:00-12:00

Contact us

Consulate Contact

If you are in need of emergency assistance, please contact the Consulate at +1 212 319 2555 and leave a message on the emergency line. This line is monitored regularly and the Duty Officer will contact you as soon as possible.

Alternatively, you may contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin at + 353-1-408 2000.

Consulate General of Ireland
345 Park Avenue
17th Floor
New York
NY 10154-0037
USA

Tel: +1 212 319 2555
Fax: +1 212 980 9475

Monday to Friday 10:00-14:00

Contact us

Consulate Contact

If you are in need of emergency assistance after 5pm Monday through Friday or on weekends, please contact our emergency number at +1-415-823-7150 and the Duty Officer will assist you.

Alternatively, you may contact the Duty Officer at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Dublin at +353-1-408-2000

Consulate General of Ireland
100 Pine Street
Suite 3350
San Francisco CA94111
USA

Tel: +1 415 392 4214
Fax: +1 415 392 0885

Monday to Friday 09:00-12:00

Contact us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr. James M Lyons
1200 Seventeenth Street
The Tabor Center #3000
Denver
Colorado 80202
USA

Tel: + 1-303 623 9000
Fax: + 1-303 623 9222

Email: Email us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr. Ian O'Flaherty
Honorary Consulate General of Ireland
255 Giralda Avenue, Suite 500
Coral Gables, FL 33134

Tel: 001 305 204 0104

Email: Email us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr. Terry Delahunty
Law Offices of Terence J. Delahunty, Jr. P.A.
118 E. Jefferson Street,
Suite 203 Orlando,
FL 32801
USA

Tel: (407) 810-3352

Email: Email us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Judge James F. McKay III

Tel: +1 504 412 6050
Fax: +1 504 412 6053

Email: Email us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr. Joseph B. McGlynn
1015 Locust Street, Suite 710
St. Louis
Missouri 63101

Tel: +1-314-7271000
Fax: +1-314-727-2960

Email: Email us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr. John Young
5925 Carnegie Boulevard, Suite 350,
Charlotte,
North Carolina 28209
USA

Tel: 704-529-1428

Email: Email us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr. James J. Lamb
Honorary Consulate of Ireland
1601 Marys Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15215

Tel: +1 412-708-2184

Email: Email us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr. John B. Kane
2630 Sutton Court
Houston
Texas 77027
USA

Tel: +1-713-961-5263
Fax: +1-970-925-7900

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr. John F. Keane
7511 210th St SW, Unit # 1
Edmonds, WA 98026

Tel: +1 425 582 2688

Email: Email us

Honorary Consulate Contact

Mr Patrick O'Toole
Irish Outreach Center,
2725 Congress Street,
No. 2G,
San Diego, CA 92110

Tel: 1-619-291-1630

Email: Email us